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Wednesday, April 29, 2020 | History

2 edition of Exchange relations and poverty in dryland agriculture found in the catalog.

Exchange relations and poverty in dryland agriculture

Barbara Harriss

Exchange relations and poverty in dryland agriculture

studies in South India

by Barbara Harriss

  • 152 Want to read
  • 38 Currently reading

Published by Concept Pub. Co. in New Delhi .
Written in English

  • Arid regions agriculture -- India,
  • Poverty -- India

  • Edition Notes

    StatementBarbara Harriss with Graham Chapman ... [et al.].
    ContributionsChapman, Graham.
    LC ClassificationsS616I4 H3 1984
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxii, 301 p.
    Number of Pages301
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18641116M

      What is more, the overall figures mask much more severe pockets of poverty. In , more than one-quarter of all African-Americans ( percent) lived in poverty; though distressingly high, that figure did represent an improvement from , when 31 percent of blacks were officially classified as poor, and it was the lowest poverty rate for this group since Author: Mike Moffatt. Ghana’s rapid growth accelerated poverty reduction, cutting the poverty rate from % to % between and In , Ghana’s poverty rate was less than half the African average of 43%. Extreme poverty declined even more, dropping from % in to % in There was also improvement on non-monetary indicators of poverty.   The diamond industry, one of the main sources of revenue for the Sierra Leonean government, has brought significant income to the country, but the top-down effect is virtually non-existent; lower-class and rural citizens still experience exploitative labour relations and persistent poverty within mining communities. [10] They do not see the money that they worked so hard to bring . It makes sense that poverty rates are related to the overall health of the economy. As the economy grows, so do opportunities for employment and income growth. Stronger labor markets and higher income levels tend to help those families living in poverty move above the poverty threshold. According to national data, poverty rates have moved.

      Poverty, especially for children, can have much to do with situation and relations, with possibility and agency, as much as it is about means. The reality of poverty is far from magical for the million children living in extreme poverty, or the million African children who are multidimensionally poor.

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Exchange relations and poverty in dryland agriculture by Barbara Harriss Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Harriss-White, Barbara, Exchange relations and poverty in dryland agriculture. New Delhi: Concept, Exchange relations and poverty in dryland agriculture: studies of South India.

By B. Harriss, G. Chapman, AGRICULTURAL STRUCTURE, SOCIAL CLASSES, LABOUR. The developments in the dryland region reflect the pervasiveness of poverty, which is demonstrated by the growing constraints of water, land degradation, continuing concerns about malnutrition.

Harriss, B. with A. Chapman, W. McLean, E. Shears and E. Watson () Exchange Relations and Poverty in Dryland Agriculture (New Delhi: Concept). Google Scholar Harriss-White, B. () A Political Economy of Agricultural Markets in South India: Masters of the Countryside (New Delhi: Sage).Cited by: 4.

Exchange relations and poverty in dryland agriculture: studies of South India / Barbara Harriss [et al] Harriss-White, Barbara, [ Book: ]. Watson E. and B. Harriss ()’ social Discrimination Through Commodity and Money Markets’, ch. 8 in B. Harriss et al., Exchange Relations and Poverty in Dryland Agriculture.

Google Scholar Werner, D. () Where There is No Doctor: A Village Health Care Handbook, repr. Macmillan Tropical Community Health Manuals (Hong Kong: Macmillan).Cited by: 4. The specific dimensions of poverty in the drylands, whether Africa or India, have eluded development attempts focused narrowly on productivity increases.

The reality of dryland livelihoods reflects the challenge of constraint management. Droughts or resource degradation depress agricultural incomes and Cited by: Pakistan’s dryland agriculture is a high-risk, low-input enterprise for resource-poor farmers, who frequently use poor quality seed, inadequate and imbalanced fertilizers, and poor crop.

Agricultural growth appears a priority for poverty reduction in landlocked and coastal economies alike. However, agriculture’s edge over non-agriculture varies by the latter’s subsectors.

There is substantial heterogeneity in the poverty reducing effects of non-agriculture. Poverty is more common in young families, for example, when asset ownership is lower and dependency ratios are higher. For others in SSA, poverty is chronic rather than transitory.

This means poverty is experienced for most of one’s life, and often passed onto one’s children (CPRC, 3). Downloadable. The developments in the dryland region reflect the pervasiveness of poverty, which is demonstrated by the growing constraints of water, land degradation, continuing concerns about malnutrition, migration due to frequent droughts, lack of infrastructure, poor dissemination of improved technologies, and effects of government policies and further economic liberalization on the.

Section 3 examines incidence of poverty across regions and discusses the dynamics of poverty under dry land conditions among the four states in Western India. This is followed in section 4 by an analysis of the correlates of poverty at two levels viz., region as well as district within these by: 8.

The Library, Documentation and Information Department of the African Studies Centre has compiled this web dossier on development issues in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda to coincide with the first East Africa Day.

The conference, that was held in Leiden on 22 Junewas organized by the African Studies Centre (ASC) in Leiden in cooperation with the Development Policy Review Network (DPRN).

Amita Shah is Professor of Economics and former Director of Gujarat Institute of Development Research, Ahmedabad. Her major areas of research are dryland agriculture and forestry, environmental impact assessment, gender and environment, agriculture-industry interface, employment and livelihood issues and chronic poverty.

The Role of Agriculture in Economic Development and Poverty Reduction. An Empirical and Conceptual Foundation. Alexander Sarris Work in Progress The World Bank Rural Development Family. This report is one in the series of background studies prepared for the update of the World Bank's Rural Development Strategy.

Agricultural resource poverty is a structural component of environmental poverty, which is principally determined by climatic, topographic and soil constraints, as well as lack of water resources for irrigation, where needed.

This global map shows a quantified estimate of the constraints to agriculture as imposed by the biophysical environment, using an index approach, scaled to a range Progress and Poverty, a long and difficult work of political economy, outsold every other book in the 19th century except for the Bible and Uncle Tom’s Cabin.


Development Policy Research Unit. [email protected] Working Paper 12/ ISBN November. `the IFAD document seems particularly designed to remedy a perceived urban bias in poverty reduction' PDR 27 (1) `interesting strongly recommend [ed] for every agricultural economist and economist interested in development and poverty.' European Review of Agricultural Author: International Fund for Agricultural Development.

Power, distortions, revolt, and reform in agricultural land relations (English) Abstract. Most work on the relationship between farm size and productivity strongly suggests that farms that rely mostly on family labor are more productive than large farms operated primarily by hired by: Agricultural change and the mercantile state: a study of public policy in Tamil Nadu Barbara Harriss.

1st ed. Madras: Cre-A, Exchange relations and poverty in dryland agriculture:. and investment in agriculture - crops, livestock, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture – are powerful tools to end poverty and hunger, and bring about sustainable development.

Agriculture has a major role to play in combating climate change. WE CAN END HUNGER AND POVERTY BY The Agenda’s historic commitment to rid the world. Dryland farming and dry farming encompass specific agricultural techniques for the non-irrigated cultivation of crops.

Dryland farming is associated with drylands, areas characterized by a cool wet season followed by a warm dry season. They are also associated with arid conditions, areas prone to. The Dynamics of Rural Change in Dry Agriculture in Sudan: Case Study from Southern Kordofan "This study briefly reviews previous studies to establish the general terms of reference and to suggest a simple household model, based on household theory, for tracing the production- consumption nexus at the subsistence household level.

High Poverty Levels in the Face of Sustainable Economic Growth in Zambia The highlights of this report are mainly as follows: Unprecedented growth was recorded in Zambia for more than a decade after recording an average growth rate of % per annum.

Unemployment and poverty are the two major challenges that are facing the world economy at present. Unemployment leads to financial crisis and reduces the overall purchasing capacity of a nation.

This in turn results in poverty followed by increasing burden of debt. Now, poverty. Her major areas of research are dryland agriculture and forestry, environmental impact assessment, gender and environment, agriculture-industry interface, employment and livelihood issues and chronic poverty.

She has published several books and over 75 research papers in reputed : Hardcover. Dryland countries on the other hand have an extremely limited water resource. many dryland countries have low input agriculture, pastoral systems and little forest cover, ‘Figure 7 Relation between land degradation and poverty National and local land degradation studies: indicators and monitoring File Size: KB.

Introduction. Over the past 40 years, per capita world food production has grown by 25%, with average cereal yields rising from to t ha −1 in developing countries (to t ha −1 on rainfed lands and to t ha −1 on irrigated lands), and annual cereal production up from to million tonnes ().These global increases have helped to raise average per capita Cited by:   The gain in yields of industrially produced crops is based on a theft of food from other species and the rural poor in the Third World.

That is why, as more grain is produced and traded globally, more people go hungry in the Third World. Global markets have more commodities for trading because food has been robbed from nature and the poor.

In Africa there is an estimated 1 extension worker per 4, farmers, compared with 1 per hundred farmers in developed countries. [8] This ratio falls far below the Food and Agriculture Organization recommendation of 1 officer for every proportion of agriculture budgets allocated to extension services varies from country to country, for example, from 5% in Zambia to 50% in.

In other words, where per capita real income is low, emphasis is being laid on agriculture and other primary industries. “Increase in agricultural production and the rise in the per-capita income of the rural community, together with the industrialisation and urbanisation, lead to an increased demand in industrial production”-Dr.

Bright Singh. The World Bank Agriculture and Rural Development Discussion Paper 21 Agriculture, Rural Development, and Pro-poor Growth Country Experiences in the Post-File Size: KB. Agriculture plays an important role in the process of economic development and can contribute significantly to household food security.

The National Development Plan (NDP) sets out a broad vision of eliminating poverty and reducing inequality by The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) was disestablished in June Agricultural Marketing and Supply Chain Management in Tanzania: A Case Study 1 INTRODUCTION Tanzania’s economy is heavily dependent on agricultural production.

In agriculture accounted for half of the country’s GDP, provided 51 percent of foreign exchange and employed 80 percent of the labour force (Agricultural Marketing Policy ).File Size: KB. Barbara Harriss-White (born ) is an English economist and emeritus professor of development studies.

She was trained in geography, agricultural science, agricultural economics and self-taught in development economics. In the s, she helped to create the multi- and inter- disciplinary thematic discipline of development studies in Oxford Department of International Development; and in Born: 4 February (age 73).

Agriculture and the Rural Economy in Pakistan: Issues, Outlooks, and Policy Priorities seeks to answer these questions by examining the performance of both agriculture and the rural economy.

The authors identify several measures that can promote agricultural productivity growth as well as wider economic and social development.

Garfinkel, Rainwater, and Smeeding’s book was published in ; however, the poverty comparison between nations was based on the year The U.S. poverty income threshold for a. AGRICULTURAL POLICY IN PERSPECTIVE. The development of agriculture in South Africa is often viewed solely as the technical advance, in this century particularly, of large-scale commercial farming specialising in crop and animal production according to the prevailing natural resources and climatic conditions, and taking advantage of both abundant low-cost labour and opportunities for.

As a result, agriculture is the largest source of capital in Bangladesh. Even with a large value, the agricultural sector alone wasn’t enough to fully support the economy and alleviate high levels of poverty.

This is particularly due to the fact that farming is dependent on the climate. Poverty in the Philippines: causes, constraints, and opportunities.

Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Asian Development Bank, 1. Poverty. 2. Philippines. I. Asian Development Bank. The views expressed in this book are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the AsianFile Size: KB.The implementations of some national or regional dryland projects such as the Carbon Projects, Agro-Forestry approaches, and ‘Evergreen Agriculture’ in Kenya, South Africa, and other dryland areas mainly concern about the benefits of carbon sequestration related carbon payment and its co-benefits (i.e.

synergies) such as crop production and Cited by: 4.Even within a country, a trade reform may hurt rural agricultural producers and benefit rural or urban consumers of those farmers' products.

The relationship between globalization and poverty is complex, Harrison acknowledges, yet she says that a number of persuasive conclusions may be drawn from the studies in Globalization and Poverty.